Daily Archives: March 5, 2015

Ανακαλύφθηκε το πιο σημαντικό ναυάγιο του Β’ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου

Ανακαλύφθηκε το πιο σημαντικό ναυάγιο του Β' Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου

Ερευνητική ομάδα ανακάλυψε το ιαπωνικό πολεμικό πλοίο Μουσάσι, ένα από τα μεγαλύτερα θωρηκτά που κατασκευάστηκαν ποτέ και το οποίο βυθίστηκε κατά τη διάρκεια του Β’ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου στα ανοικτά των ακτών των Φιλιππίνων.

Την ανακοίνωση έκανε σήμερα ο δισεκατομμυριούχος και συνιδρυτής της Microsoft Πολ Άλεν, ο οποίος ήταν και επικεφαλής της έρευνας.

Το πολεμικό πλοίο βυθίστηκε στις 24 Οκτωβρίου 1944 από αμερικανικά αεροσκάφη με αποτέλεσμα να χάσουν τη ζωή τους τουλάχιστον 1.000 Ιάπωνες, δηλαδή περίπου το ήμισυ του πληρώματος του πλοίου.

Το Μουσάσι ήταν ένα από τα μεγαλύτερα θωρηκτά που κατασκευάστηκαν ποτέ, ζυγίζοντας σχεδόν 73.000 τόνους όταν ήταν πλήρως φορτωμένο, ενώ διέθετε 9 κύρια όπλα και αεροσκάφη. Τα μεγαλύτερα όπλα του μπορούσαν να εκτοξεύσουν πυραύλους που έφταναν σε βάρος τον 1,5 τόνο ο καθένας.

Για τις έρευνες χρησιμοποιήθηκε το γιοτ του Άλεν, το M/Y Octopus, το οποίο διαθέτει συστήματα προηγμένης τεχνολογίας και σε συνδυασμό με τη μελέτη ιστορικών αρχείων και τοπογραφικών δεδομένων οι ερευνητές κατάφεραν να εντοπίσουν το πλοίο δίνοντας ένα τέλος στο μυστήριο δεκαετιών που περιέβαλε την ακριβή τοποθεσία του Μουσάσι.

«Ο κ. Άλεν έψαχνε για το Μουσάσι για παραπάνω από 8 χρόνια και η ανακάλυψη αυτή θα βοηθήσει όχι μόνο να ολοκληρωθεί η ιστορία του πλοίου αλλά και να δώσει ένα συναισθηματικό κλείσιμο στις οικογένειες εκείνων που έχασαν τη ζωή τους», αναφέρεται σε σχετική ανακοίνωση που ανήρτησε ο Άλεν στην ιστοσελίδα του.

«Είναι ένα από τα μεγαλύτερα πολεμικά πλοία και το καμάρι ενός ολόκληρου έθνους», αναφέρεται στην ανακοίνωση του Άλεν.

Εκπρόσωπος της ομάδας του Άλεν δήλωσε ότι περαιτέρω πληροφορίες σχετικά με την ανακάλυψη θα γίνουν διαθέσιμες μέσα στις επόμενες ημέρες.

Πηγή:madata.gr

Σπάνιες φωτογραφίες της Λήμνου και των κατοίκων της από το 1915

 

Μία από τις σπάνιες φωτογραφίες που θα εκτεθούν

Μία από τις σπάνιες φωτογραφίες που θα εκτεθούν

Τις τράβηξαν Αυστραλοί στρατιώτες που ελάμβαναν μέρος στην εκστρατεία της Καλλίπολης και θα παρουσιαστούν σε έκθεση εντός των επομένων εβδομάδων.

Σαράντα σπάνιες φωτογραφίες των κατοίκων και της κοινωνικής ζωής της Λήμνου, που τράβηξαν Αυστραλοί στρατιώτες το 1915 όταν ως μέλη της συμμαχικής δύναμης των ANZACs στρατοπέδευσαν στο νησί του Βορείου Αιγαίου λίγο κατά τη διάρκεια της εκστρατείας της Καλλίπολης, θα εκτεθούν σε λίγες εβδομάδες στην αίθουσα του Συλλόγου Θεσσαλονικέων «Ο Λευκός Πύργος».

Η φωτογραφική έκθεση έχει φιλανθρωπικό χαρακτήρα με στόχο τα χρήματα που θα συγκεντρωθούν κατά τα εγκαίνιά της (τα εισιτήρια κοστίζουν $70) να διατεθούν στην ολοκλήρωση του αγάλματος της νοσοκόμας και του στρατιώτη που σε λίγο καιρό θα κοσμήσει το Μνημείο Λήμνος-Καλλίπολη που θα στηθεί σε πάρκο του προαστίου Albert Park στη Μελβούρνη αλλά και για την συγγραφή ιστορικού βιβλίου με θέμα την παρουσία των Αυστραλών στρατιωτών στην Λήμνο και τους δεσμούς που αναπτύχθηκαν λόγω αυτής μεταξύ της Λήμνου και των Αυστραλών στρατιωτών.

Την εποπτεία της έκθεσης έχει ο ιστορικός φιλέλληνας και γραμματέας της Επιτροπής Μνήμης Λήμνου-Καλλίπολης, κ. Jim Claven, ο οποίος καταρχήν κατάφερε να εντοπίσει πολλές απ’ αυτές τις σπάνιες φωτογραφίες σε μουσεία, ιδιωτικές συλλογές, πανεπιστήμια και βιβλιοθήκες εντός και εκτός Αυστραλίας.

Οι 40 φωτογραφίες που τελικά επιλέχθηκαν από τον κ. Claven και θα φιλοξενηθούν στην έκθεση τραβήχτηκαν από τον λοχία Albert Savage, τον ταγματάρχη Laurence Herschel Harris, τον πολεμικό ανταποκριτή Phillip Schuler αλλά και από τον βρετανό φωτογράφο, υπολοχαγό Ernest Brookes. Όπως δήλωσε στο «Νέο Κόσμο» ο κ. Claven επέλεξε φωτογραφίες που επικοινωνούν στον θεατή τους στενούς δεσμούς που αναπτύχθηκαν μεταξύ των στρατιωτών της συμμαχικής δύναμης και των κατοίκων της Λήμνου και παράλληλα παρουσιάζουν πτυχές της καθημερινής ζωής των Λημνίων και των ANZACs εκείνο τον καιρό.

Στην έκθεση θα υπάρχουν προς πώληση, και πίνακες του ομογενή ζωγράφου Γιώργου Πέτρου, εμπνευσμένοι από τους δεσμούς που αναπτύχθηκαν μεταξύ των Αυστραλών στρατιωτών και των κατοίκων της Λήμνου το 1915.

H έκθεση αναμένεται να «ταξιδέψει» και σε άλλους εκθεσιακούς χώρους της Μελβούρνης και της Βικτώριας, αλλά και σε σχολεία της πολιτείας. Οι ενδιαφερόμενοι οργανισμοί, σχολεία ή βιβλιοθήκες που θέλουν να φιλοξενήσουν την έκθεση πρέπει να αποταθούν στον κ. Λι Ταρλάμη, πρόεδρο ης Επιτροπής Μνήμης Λήμνου – Καλλίπολης ή στον κ. Claven ηλεκτρονικά μέσω των διευθύνσεων που παραθέτουμε παρακάτω.

Τα εγκαίνια της έκθεσης θα γίνουν την Κυριακή, 22 Μαρτίου, στις 6.00 το απόγευμα και όσοι θέλουν να παραβρεθούν μπορούν να προμηθευτούν το εισιτήριό τους επικοινωνώντας με τον κ. Jim Claven στην ηλεκτρονική διεύθυνση jimclaven@yahoo.com.au ή με τον κ. Λι Ταρλάμη στην ηλεκτρονική διεύθυνση lee.tarlamis@hotmail.com.

Πηγή: Νέος Κόσμος

Η Αυστραλία σκέπτεται διακοπή της έρευνας για το άφαντο Boeing MH370

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Στις 8 Μαρτίου κλείνει ένας χρόνος από τη μυστηριώδη εξαφάνιση του αεροσκάφους.

Η Αυστραλία αρχίζει να διαμηνύει πως, έναν χρόνο μετά την εξαφάνιση του Boeing της Malaysian Airlines στον νότιο Ινδικό Ωκεανό, σύντομα θα χρειαστεί να «ληφθούν αποφάσεις» για το εάν η αναζήτησή του θα συνεχιστεί.

Η δεύτερη, ενδελέχεστερη έρευνα στην τεράστια θαλάσσια περιοχή που θεωρείται ότι έπεσε το αεροπλάνο με τους 239 επιβαίνοντες σύντομα θα ολοκληρωθεί και η Καμπέρα -που καλύπτει το κόστος μαζί με την Μαλαισία- προετοιμάζει το έδαφος πως μέχρι τότε θα πρέπει να έχει αποφασιστεί τι θα γίνει εάν δεν έχει βρεθεί τίποτε.

Το Βoeing που εκτελούσε την πτήση MH370 με προορισμό το Πεκίνο είχε απογειωθεί στις 8 Μαρτίου του 2014 από την Κουάλα Λουμπούρ αλλά κάποια στιγμή άλλαξε, για άγνωστους λόγους, πορεία προς τα νότια για να γίνει το μεγαλύτερο μυστήριο στη σύγχρονη ιστορία της αεροπλοΐας: Έναν χρόνο μετά, δεν έχει ακόμη βρεθεί ίχνος του.

Το Μάιο θα ολοκληρωθεί η έρευνα στα 60.000 τετραγωνικά χιλιόμετρα του βυθού του νότιου Ινδικού Ωκεανού, δυτικά του Περθ, όπου και θεωρείται πιθανότερο ότι κατέληξε το Boeing. Θεωρητικά, η έρευνα θα μπορούσε στη συνέχεια να επεκταθεί στην αχανή έκταση 1,1 εκατ. τετραγωνικών χλμ. γύρω από την κύρια περιοχή.

«Αρκετά νωρίτερα θα πρέπει να έχουμε αποφασίσει τι θα γίνει εάν δεν βρεθεί τίποτα» είπε στο Reuters ο αναπληρωτής πρωθυπουργός της Αυστραλίας Ουόρεν Τρας.

Οι συζητήσεις, είπε, έχουν ήδη ξεκινήσει για το ενδεχόμενο αυτό, λέγοντας πως ανάμεσα στις επιλογές είναι και να ανασταλεί η έρευνα. «Προφανώς και δεν μπορούμε να ψάχνουμε επ’ άπειρον» είπε χαρακτηριστικά, σημειώνοντας πάντως πως η Αυστραλία επιδιώξει να κάνει «ότι είναι δυνατό σε λογικά πλαίσια» ώστε να βρεθεί το αεροσκάφος.

Πηγή: Νέος Κόσμος

Creditors maintain tough stance as Greece presents reforms

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German Chancellor Angela Merkel refused to speculate on the possible need of a third loan package for Greece.

As pressure builds on Greece to implement economic reforms in order to secure crucial rescue funding, the country’s representative to the Euro Working Group presented to his eurozone counterparts the six proposals Greece intends to make at Monday’s Eurogroup meeting in Brussels.

During a teleconference discussion, Giorgos Houliarakis fleshed out the six proposed reforms Athens intends to discuss with representatives of the country’s international creditors in a bid to clinch a portion of a 7.2-billion-euro pending loan installment.

Those measures include tackling the country’s humanitarian crisis, reforming the public administration, introducing a payment scheme for Greeks with debts to the state and overhauling tax collection.

Greek efforts to prepare the ground for the Eurogroup came as European officials indicated that the country has little room for maneuver.

At a joint press conference with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in Brussels, German Chancellor Angela Merkel refused to speculate on the possible need of a third loan package for Greece, noting that much work remained with the current program. “I think we now have all our hands full to make this… succeed,” Merkel said.

Juncker struck a similar note, saying that talk about a possible third program was “premature” and “best avoided.” He underlined the importance of Greece implementing a recent agreement with its creditors and warned against unilateral action, noting that any social measures must be offset by others raising the required revenue.

Eurogroup President Jeroen Dijsselbloem was tougher in an interview with Dutch TV, noting that “there is a lot of rhetoric on the domestic level.” “They won the elections with lots of promises that they do not have the money to realize,” he said of the new government.

German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble was also unwavering. “Before any more aid is released, Athens must prove that it has implemented the agreed terms,” he said, adding that if Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis tries to change those terms, he will be doing so at his own risk.

Varoufakis on Wednesday appointed four general secretaries, for economic policy, fiscal policy, information systems and public assets.

Source: Kathimerini

Brisbane Roar defeats the Urawa Red Diamonds in ACL

Brisbane Roar defeats the Urawa Red Diamonds in ACL

Urawa Reds players are downcast after a 1-0 defeat by Brisbane Roar in the Asian Champions League. Photo: Kyodo

Brisbane Roar managed a 1-0 clean sheet against J-League powerhouse Urawa Red Diamonds.

Brisbane Roar’s AFC Champions League campaign is back on track after an impressive 1-0 victory over J-League powerhouse Urawa Red Diamonds in Japan.

The Roar made a dream start at Saitama Stadium, scoring the decisive goal in just the second minute through young forward Brandon Borrello.

Borrello was fed in by Thomas Broich and unleashed a fierce drive from a narrow angle, the shot whizzing past Japanese international goalkeeper Shusaku Nishikawa at his near post.

It was all the Roar needed to seal their first ever victory in Asia and pick up a vital three points in Group G following their disastrous 1-0 loss last week to Beijing Guoan.

The hosts spent most of the second half on Wednesday night a player short after Daisuke Nasu was shown a straight red card for bringing Andrija Kaluderovic to the ground with a cynical rugby-style tackle, just as the Serbian striker appeared set to streak through on goal.

But unlike how it coughed up the ascendancy to a 10-man Beijing, this time Brisbane was able to seize the advantage.

It was not all smooth sailing – the Roar’s inability to put Urawa to the sword with a second goal made for some nervy moments, but led by Luke DeVere, the defence was ultimately able to keep the Reds at bay.

Coach Frans Thijssen made four changes to the team that drew 2-2 in Perth at the weekend, with the most notable omission goalkeeper Michael Theo, who suffered a groin strain against the Glory and was named on the bench against Urawa.

Theo’s understudy Jamie Young started in the goalmouth while Henrique overcome a knee injury to take his place in the team – but there was no room for ex-Socceroo Adam Sarota, who was left on the bench for the second straight game.

Henrique spurned a great chance to make it 2-0 in the 35th minute, again on the back of a Broich through ball, but Shusaku was able to make the stop with his foot.

Young stood tall shortly after the interval, protecting Brisbane’s lead with an excellent save of his own to deny Urawa’s Koroki Shinzo, who was clear on goal and hovering around the penalty spot.

Minutes later, the home side was reduced to 10 men when Nasu needlessly felled Kaluderovic, turning the contest Brisbane’s way.

Substitute Tadanari Lee nearly equalised for Urawa at the death but his diving header flew just over the crossbar.

Source: AAP

Darwin Olympic, Hellenic AFC draw for FFA Cup

Darwin Olympic, Hellenic AFC draw for FFA Cup

Darwin Olympic were the 2014 NorZone champions.

Darwin Olympic will play Uni Azzuri, while Hellenic AFC will take on Booraloola FC in the Territory’s knockout games for FFA Cup qualification.

Greek-sponsored club Darwin Olympic will play Uni Azzuri on March 28, one of the first Hellenic clubs of the region to vie for FFA Cup qualification.

This is the first year the Northern Territory will join the nation-wide Cup, and with a strong Greek population will include a number of Greek clubs.

Hellenic AFC will take on 2014 Cyclones Cup champions Booraloola FC in round two on April 22 after a bye, while Michael Gerakios’ Port Dawin FC have been drawn last and will take on Australian Defence force team 1st Brigade.

Both Darwin Olympic and Hellenic AFC have a long and established history in Darwin, cultivating the sport in the Territory.

Hellenic was established in 1958, while Olympic came into its own in 1967 creating a healthy Greek presence.

The clubs were founded by Greek immigrants new to Australia who loved football and were looking for a means to get together, socialise and integrate into the community.

NT Football has been given one direct slot into the Round of 32 of the 2015 Westfield FFA Cup.

source:Neos Kosmos

Who will stand up for those dead?

 

Who will stand up for those dead?

Russell Crowe in The Water Diviner.

…and who will speak out and be heard above the ringing of the cash registers?

The Water Diviner is a hit film that I instantly wanted to watch, both as a historian of the twentieth century and as a relatively recent Australian citizen. The year 1919 in Anatolia was a pivotal time in the restructuring of the Middle East after the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Gallipoli campaign was the foundry where the Anzac spirit was forged. It was also the midpoint for one of the first state-sponsored destructions of a group of people based on race and religion in the century. The facts are that in 1914 the collective Christian population of Anatolia was 20 to 25 per cent of the total. In 1923 this stood at 3 percent. A shade under 3 million people had been murdered and one-and-a-half million uprooted from their homes and land and sent into exile.
On its opening this film soared at the box office in Australia and Turkey. The story of this Aussie father’s incredible love for his three sons and his determination to bring his missing boys home from the battlefield of Lone Pine has a universal appeal. Added to this is the theme of reconciliation between Turkey and the Anzacs, symbolised in our yearly dawn service in Gallipoli and Kemal Ataturk’s address to the mothers of fallen foreign soldiers written in the 1930s. In Turkey the film opened at an incredible 600 cinemas and Russell Crowe, as leading man and director, received a standing ovation at the premiere in Istanbul. One of the film’s writers, Andrew Anastasios blogged: “The Turkish government, meanwhile, is considering decorating Crowe for his recent film The Water Diviner, which is set four years after the Gallipoli campaign in World War I and follows the journey of an Australian farmer who travels to Turkey to discover the fate of his three sons (Hurriyet Daily News).”

Plans are afoot for Russell Crowe to attend the Dawn Service at Canakkale/Gallipoli this year to mark the ANZAC centenary.

Many people are familiar, in passing, with the murder of Armenians in 1915 – the ‘Year of the Islamic Sword’. Debate in the last hundred years has been over the numbers of dead, the way they were killed, the intent of those that did and whether it can be counted as genocide – a term that was coined in 1943 by the Polish lawyer, Raphael Lemkin, with the Armenian experience in mind. Basic facts are that in 1915 up to 1.5 million Armenians had been killed in an operation directed by the three highest officials of the Ottoman Empire, known as the Three Pashas. “Without a loss of a single Turkish soldier I’ve slaughtered the Armenians,” said Enver Pasha.

At the end of the First World War the Pashas were overthrown and went into exile. In their absence, in 1919, they were tried for their crimes against the Armenians and sentenced to death. This was not carried out officially but all were dead within three years, with Enver dying fighting the Soviets when he turned on them and Talaat and Jemal gunned down by Armenians as part of their ‘Operation Nemesis’.

Another organiser was Dr Mehmed Resid, known as the Butcher of Diyarbakit. On receipt of a three-word telegram from Talat in 1914 which told him to ‘Burn – Destroy – Kill’, he set about the Armenians, Greeks, Nestorians and Yezidis. Some other local governors opposed the policy, so the good doctor arranged their assassination. Resid chose to shoot himself in 1919 after escaping prison. He had been asked how he could have acted that way as a doctor and said:
“Being a doctor could not cause me to forget my nationality! Reshid is a doctor. But he was born as a Turk … Either the Armenians were to eliminate the Turks, or the Turks were to eliminate the Armenians. I did not hesitate when I was confronted with this dilemma. My Turkishness prevailed over my profession. I figured, instead of wiping us out, we will wipe them out … On the question of how I, as a doctor, could have murdered, I can answer as follows: the Armenians had become hazardous microbes in the body of this country. Well, isn’t it a doctor’s duty to kill microbes?”

Not all Ottoman officials took part; Pasha Vehib was asked to gather people for deportation as part of his duties as the general commanding an army corps. When he found out that the deportees had been massacred by the Special Operations group at their destination he arrested those responsible, who were then executed. After the fall of the Pashas Vehib was part of the Military Tribunal that gathered evidence against them and prosecuted them and several hundred officials. For both of these actions he was himself condemned under Ataturk and had to go into exile for the next 21 years.

Another person who gave testimony in the short space between the Pashas and Ataturk’s nationalist government was Reşid Akif Paşa, who addressed the Ottoman parliament by saying: “The deportation order was issued through official channels by the minister of the interior and sent to the provinces. Following this order the [CUP] Central Committee circulated its own ominous order to all parties to allow the gangs to carry out their wretched task. Thus the gangs were in the field, ready for their atrocious slaughter.”

The president of the parliament, Ahmet Riza, protested against the theft of properties and their sale by the government, adding, “let’s face it, we Turks savagely killed off the Armenians”.

Abdulmecid II, the last Caliph, is quoted: “I refer to those awful massacres. They are the greatest stain that has ever disgraced our nation and race. They were entirely the work of Talat and Enver. I heard some days before they began that they were intended. I went to Istanbul and insisted on seeing Enver. I asked him if it was true that they intended to recommence the massacres which had been our shame and disgrace under Abdul Hamid. The only reply I could get from him was: ‘It is decided. It is the program.’ ”

When Dr Reshid had been asked how he thought history would consider him, he replied: “Let other nations write about me whatever history they want, I couldn’t care less.” Unfortunately, since that brief period of individual and collective admission a juggernaut of denial has taken its place. Taner Akcam, a Turkish historian who tunnelled out of jail and lives in Germany states: “Denial of the Armenian genocide has developed over the decades to become a complex and far-reaching machine that rivals the Nazi Germany propaganda ministry. This machine runs on academic dishonesty, fabricated information, political pressure, intimidation and threats, all funded or supported directly or indirectly by the Turkish state. It has become a huge industry””

In 1985 full-page adverts appeared in US newspapers to highlight a letter questioning the Armenian genocide. The letter was signed by 69 academics, whose studies are funded by the Turkish government and other Turkish agencies, such as the Ankara Chamber of Commerce. One faculty, the Institute of Turkish Studies, is jointly funded by the Turkish government and the US defence companies who sell to them.

One of these academics features in a story that perhaps tells us a great deal about the inner workings of Turkish officialdom in denying the undeniable. After all, Ataturk himself called the genocide, “a shameful act”. Robert Jay Liston wrote about the Armenian Genocide in a book about psychology. As had happened many times before to others, Liston received a letter from the Turkish ambassador to Washington setting out a number of points where his scholarship was at fault and where evidence could be doubted. The only change from standard procedure was that he had included a second document detailing point by point how to rebut anyone writing about what that document referred to as “our problem”. This document was prepared by Heath W. Lowry, a US historian who has benefited from Turkish funding. The incident has provoked a great deal of debate on historical revisionism and the morals of a scholar for hire.

What is potentially more interesting is the ambassador’s unconscious act in including that document in the envelope. Was there an underlying desire to put an end to the denial, which was grating his conscience? Perhaps his repressed feelings mirrored Mehmet Ali Bey, Turkey’s Otto Schindler, who said “it is impossible to hide and conceal this policy”. In psychoanalysis the unconscious is a place of repressed memory, painful emotions and socially unacceptable ideas.

So where does Russell Crowe’s film The Water Diviner come into this issue? Well, Turkey’s collective unconscious contains a shame that not only includes the stain of Armenian blood but that of Assyrians and Greeks as well. In the film the Greeks are the baddies and we are meant to be uplifted when the Joshua Connor character cracks a snarling Greek combatant with a cricket bat.

The Greeks were equally badly treated in Turkey between 1914 and 1923 by the program – first by the Pashas and then by Ataturk. In 1923 the shattered remnants of the Greeks were taken to Greece and Turks sent to Turkey in exchange. The only ones to stay were the remaining Pontian Greek fighters on the Black Sea, who were unwilling to give up their homeland and stayed to die in the last ditch.

So when the ‘Satan’s Army’ of Greeks in the film were dressed in black with crossed bandoliers they matched the surviving pictures of the Pontian freedom fighters, who rose up but were unable to defend the 350,000 of their people murdered. They certainly did not look like the regular soldiers from Greece who invaded the east of Anatolia and committed atrocities during their later retreat and who wore khaki green uniforms. They certainly were not the civilians in that area who committed massacres of Turks in retaliation for treatment received over the preceding five years. No, Tess Schofield, the production’s costume designer, had Pontians in action ambushing Turkish veterans and massacring civilians. Russell Crowe as director had them equipped with machine guns and artillery, which is a stretch of the imagination.

The result is a series of strong impressions; that the Greeks had invaded, when the Pontians had been there for close to 3,000 years; that the town in the later scenes was far inland and a few poorly armed peasants and dervishes were the only opposition, when the Pontians faced an overwhelming force of Nationalist military led by one of Ataturk’s closest allies; that the churches in the town had been unoccupied for so long that their murals needed repainting, when they would have been in continuous use up to that point. The town in question is Kayaköy in the south of Anatolia, far from the Pontians, and it has its own story to tell and it is not, as the film would have us think, one of Greeks who “terrorise the people and burn the towns”.

The scriptwriter’s blog tells us that the production team were looking for “a Roman theatre, a hilltop Turkish village, a ruined church and a fortress wall. Miraculously, production found them all within striking distance of Fethiye, in the abandoned village of Kayaköy and ancient ruins of Tlos … this abandoned Greek village that inspired Louis de Bernières’ novel Birds Without Wings. During the forced population exchanges between Greece and Turkey in the 1920s, the Greeks of Kayaköy, or Livissi as it was known then, were relocated and the town never resettled. Hundreds of forlorn homes slowly crumble into the hillside”.

It is certainly true that the Greeks were resettled, at least those who were left alive. The Greek army never made it to Livissi, where the 6,500 Greek inhabitants of 1914 were reduced to hundreds by 1923, when they were marched to boats and shaken down for any surviving valuables on the dock. Three death marches into the interior had killed the weak, old, children and babies. Torture and murder at their inland destination had accounted for many more. Some had not even made it out of town, murdered in prison, raped, cut to pieces and left for the dogs to eat. So, perhaps not the best choice of location. However, it would have been convenient for the director to get back to his yacht anchored offshore quite easily after a day’s filming.

The Water Diviner is a clear attempt to select a period of time at the birth of modern Turkey and paint the enemy as a scoundrel; for Turkey to get on the front foot in denying this other genocide that foreign parliaments are starting to recognise. As one of Turkey’s favourite US historians, Justin A. McCarthy, told the Grand Assembly in 2005: “The question of who began the killing must be understood, because it is seldom justifiable to be the aggressor, but it is always justifiable to defend yourself. If those who defend themselves go beyond defence and exact revenge, as always happens in a war, they should be identified and criticised. But who should be most blamed are those who began the wars, those who committed the first evil deeds, and those who caused the bloodshed.”

If a film is made that suggests that the Greeks were invaders and not actually a tenth of the population of Anatolia before the First World War; if that film portrays them as the perpetrators rather than the victims to the tune of a million dead civilians and propagates beliefs that feed genocide denial, then those who made it should be held to account.

Instead, reviewers hold up The Water Diviner as an object lesson to other Australian filmmakers, as it made more money in five days than any other Aussie movie of 2014. The film has taken $14 million in the first month and won an award for the costume design but does nothing to extend our understanding of the times in which it was set. Rather, it seeks to deliberately confuse the audience and smear the memory of the dead, to “kill them twice” as Elie Wiesel, Holocaust survivor and Nobel Peace Prizewinner, pointed out. Who will stand up for those dead and who will speak out and be heard above the ringing of the cash registers?

* Hamish Campbell holds a degree in history and political science from Keele University in the United Kingdom. Hamish specialised in revolutionary movements, civil conflict and Islamic history and has gone on to research the twentieth century’s untold history.

source: Neos Kosmos

 

Renewal of Greek presence in Byron Bay

Greek students

Girls at the Byron Bay Greek School which was started by local families of Greek heritage. (Samantha Turnbull – ABC North Coast)

The Greek school of Byron Bay is fostering a bigger Greek presence in the Sydney suburb.

The academic year for the new Greek school of Byron Bay commenced with a traditional Agiasmo service to bless the school, performed by Parish Priest Fr Romanos Stergiou.

The new school is under the auspices of the Parish Community of St Anna Gold Coast and Northern Rivers NSW, and its first academic term of 2015 has seen 15 enrolments of local children ranging from five-16 years of age. The enrolments instill a great sense of joy in school teacher Mrs Koralia Petta, who is happy to see the willingness of both students and parents return from last year’s first class.

To accompany the opening of the academic year, the school’s newly elected committee held a dinner dance fundraiser at Lennox Head Community Centre, where 250 people enjoyed food, welcome speeches and dance performances from children of the school.

In his welcome speech, Fr Romanos paid tribute to the Greek Orthodox faithful of previous generations in the area. Fr Romanos further praised the renewal of the Greek Orthodox presence in the district, indicated by the existence of the school and by the many Greek families who attended the dinner dance.

“There were many Greek families in the district in the last century, but they began to disperse into large cities during the 1980s,” Fr Romanos explains.
The recent renewal is comprised of families who have settled in Byron Bay from around Australia and from Greece and Cyprus.

source:Neos Kosmos

Μαρία-Έλενα Κυριάκου και «One last breath» στη Eurovision

 

Μαρία-Έλενα Κυριάκου και «One last breath» στη Eurovision

Η νικήτρια Μαρία-Έλενα Κυριάκου στην σκηνή του «Έναστρον»

Η Μαρία-Έλενα Κυριάκου με το τραγούδι «One last breath» ήταν η μεγάλη νικήτρια του ελληνικού τελικού και θα εκπροσωπήσει την Ελλάδα στον 60ό Πανευρωπαϊκό Διαγωνισμό της Eurovision που θα πραγματοποιηθεί τον Μάιο στη Βιέννη.

Την εκδήλωση παρουσιάσαν η Μαίρη Συνατσάκη και η Ντορέττα Παπαδημητρίου.

Στη σκηνή του κέντρου «Έναστρον» ανέβηκε η Έλενα Παπαρίζου, η οποία συμπληρώνει φέτος δέκα χρόνια από τη νίκη της στην Eurovision -και τη μοναδική πρωτιά της Ελλάδας- με το «My Number One» το 2005.

Επίσης εμφανίσεις έκαναν και οι Θάνος Καλλίρης, Boys and noise, ο Λούκας Γιώρκας, αλλά και οι «ONE» που τραγούδησαν μαζί μετά από αρκετά χρόνια.

Το τραγούδι που θα μας εκπροσωπήσει στη Eurovision:

Τα υποψήφια τραγούδια ήταν:

1. Crash and Burn
Ερμηνεία: C:REAL
Μουσική, Στίχοι: Τάκης Δαμάσχης
Δισκογραφική: Feelgood Records

2. Jazz & Συρτάκι
Ερμηνεία: Θωμαή Απέργη & Legend
Μουσική: Χρήστος Παπαδόπουλος
Στίχοι: Γιάννης Σίννης
Δισκογραφική: PANIK PLATINUM

3. ELA
Ερμηνεία: Barrice
Δημιουργοί: Niclas Olausson & The Beatbox, Victoria Chalkitis
Δισκογραφική: Spicy Music

4. Sunshine
Ερμηνεία: Shaya Hansen
Δημιουργοί: Shaya Hansen/Thomas Reil/Jeppe Reil/Marios Psimopoulos
Παραγωγή: Reil Bros for DWB Music
Published by DWB Music/AEPI
Δισκογραφική εταιρεία: PLANETWORKS

5. Οne Last Breath
Ερμηνεία: Μαρία-Έλενα Κυριάκου
Μουσική: Ευθύβουλος Θεοχάρους, Μαρία-Έλενα Κυριάκου
Στίχοι: Βαγγέλης Κωνσταντινίδης, Εβελίνα Τζιώρα
Δισκογραφική: MINOS EMI-UNIVERSAL

Πηγή:in.gr

Εύκολα ή δύσκολα, συνέχισαν με νίκες οι «μεγάλοι» της Premier

Εύκολα ή δύσκολα, συνέχισαν με νίκες οι «μεγάλοι» της Premier

Επίδειξη δύναμης των «μεγάλων» ήταν η 28η αγωνιστική της Premier League, καθώς νίκησαν όλες οι ομάδες που καταλαμβάνουν τις πρώτες οκτώ θέσεις της βαθμολογίας. Η Τσέλσι (1-0 εκτός της Γουέστ Χαμ) κρατάει τη διαφορά της από τη Μάντσεστερ Σίτι (2-0 τη Λέστερ), ενώ οι Ζιρού, Σάντσες «καθάρισαν» μέσα σε πέντε λεπτά για την Αρσεναλ (2-1) στην έδρα της ΚΠΡ.

Στη μάχη της τετράδας παραμένει η Τότεναμ που νίκησε 3-2 τη Σουόνσι, σ΄ένα ματς που σημαδεύτηκε από την κατάρρευση του Γκομίς μόλις στο 8ο λεπτό. Ο Γάλλος φορ της Σουόνσι έπεσε στο χορτάρι χωρίς να έλθει σε επαφή με αντίπαλο, του παρασχέθηκαν οι πρώτες βοήθειες και το θετικό είναι ότι είχε τις αισθήσεις του. Στη συνέχεια διακομίστηκε στο νοσοκομείο για λεπτομερείς εξετάσεις και περισσότερα αναμένεται να γίνουν γνωστά αργότερα.

Η Λίβερπουλ επικράτησε 2-0 της Μπέρνλι στο «Ανφιλντ» και παραμένει στο «κυνήγι» της Μάντσεστερ Γιουνάιτεντ για την τέταρτη θέση.

Οι «κόκκινοι διάβολοι» απέδρασαν με γκολ του Ασλεϊ Γιανγκ στο 89′ (0-1) από το γήπεδο της Νιούκαστλ, όπου ο Γιόνας Γκουτιέρες μπήκε ως αλλαγή στο 64′ και καταχειροκροτήθηκε από τους φίλους των γηπεδούχων. Ηταν η πρώτη εμφάνισή του με τη Νιούκαστλ μετά τον Οκτώβριο του 2013 και την περιπέτεια που αντιμετώπισε με την υγεία του.

Αναλυτικά οι σκόρερ της 28ης αγωνιστικής:

Αστον Βίλα-Γουέστ Μπρομ 2-1
(22΄ Αγκμπολανχόρ, 90+4΄ Μπεντέκε – 66΄ Μπεραχίνο)

Χαλ-Σάντερλαντ 1-1
(15΄ Εντόι – 77΄ Ρόντγουελ)

Σαουθάμπτον-Κρίσταλ Πάλας 1-0
(82΄ Μανέ)

Μάντσεστερ Σίτι-Λέστερ 2-0
(45+2΄ Νταβίντ Σίλβα, 88΄ Μίλνερ)

Νιούκαστλ-Μάντσεστερ Γ. 0-1
(89΄ Γιανγκ)

ΚΠΡ-Αρσεναλ 1-2
(82΄ Οστιν – 64΄ Ζιρού, 69΄ Σάντσες)

Στόουκ Σίτι-Εβερτον 2-0
(32΄ Μόουζες, 84΄ Ντιούφ)

Τότεναμ-Σουόνσι 3-2
(7΄ Σαντλί, 51΄ Μέισον, 60΄ Τάουνσεντ – 19΄ Κι, 89΄ Σίγκουρντσον)

Γουέστ Χαμ-Τσέλσι 0-1
(22΄ Αζάρ)

Λίβερπουλ-Μπέρνλι
(29΄ Χέντερσον, 51΄ Στάριτζ)

ΒΑΘΜΟΛΟΓΙΑ (σε 28 αγώνες)

Τσέλσι 63 -27αγ.
Μάντσεστερ Σίτι 58
Αρσεναλ 54
Μάντσεστερ Γιουν. 53
Λίβερπουλ 51
Σαουθάμπτον 49
Τότεναμ 47 -27αγ.
Στόουκ Σίτι 42
Σουόνσι 40
Γουέστ Χαμ 39
Νιούκαστλ 35
Γουέστ Μπρομ 30
Κρίσταλ Πάλας 30
Έβερτον 28
Χαλ 27
Σάντερλαντ 26
Άστον Βίλα 25
ΚΠΡ 22 -27αγ.
Μπέρνλι 22
Λέστερ 18 -27αγ.

Πηγή:in.gr